Veteran leaders of the Congress party and Congress government has the credit of establishing world class research institutes
Indian Research Institutes from varied aspects of life and
sectors has surprised the whole world with their achievements. The veteran
leaders of the Congress party and Congress government has the credit of
establishing these world class research institutes. The founder members of the
Congress party and its top leaders have kept good education and quality
research on their priority list. Most of these research institutes were found during
the tenure of Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru and with the help and guidelines of the
Congress government these research performed better and better. These research
institutes are related with Space, Defence, Atomic Energy, Medical, Social
Science etc. In this article we have tried to give a brief introduction of those
research institutes who are know worldwide.
The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) is the space agency
of the Government of India headquartered in the city of Bengaluru. Its vision
is to “harness space technology for national development”, while pursuing space
science research and planetary exploration.
Formed in 1969, ISRO superseded the erstwhile Indian
National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR) established in 1962 by the
efforts of independent India’s first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, and his
close aide and scientist Vikram Sarabhai. The establishment of ISRO thus
institutionalized space activities in India. It is managed by the Department of
Space, which reports to the Prime Minister of The Republic of India.
Under the guideline of the Congress government led by the
then Prime Minister Smt. Indira Gandhi ISRO built India’s first satellite,
Aryabhata, which was launched by the Soviet Union on 19 April 1975. During the
tenure of Smt. Gandhi in 1980, Rohini became the first satellite to be placed in
orbit by an Indian-made launch vehicle, SLV-3. ISRO subsequently developed two
other rockets: the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) for launching
satellites into orbits and the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV)
for placing satellites into geostationary orbits. These rockets have launched numerous
communications and earth observation satellites. Satellite navigation systems
like GAGAN and IRNSS have been deployed. In January 2014, ISRO successfully
used an indigenous cryogenic engine in a GSLV-D5 launch of the GSAT-14.
During Congress party led UPA government, ISRO sent one lunar
orbiter, Chandrayaan-1, on 22 October, 2008. In 2008 itself India launched as
many as 11 satellites, including nine from other countries and went on to
become the first nation to launch 10 satellites on one rocket. One Mars
orbiter, Mars Orbiter Mission, which successfully entered Mars orbit on 24 September,
2014, making India the first nation to succeed on its first attempt, and ISRO
the fourth space agency in the world as well as the first space agency in Asia
to successfully reach Mars orbit. On 18 June, 2016 ISRO successfully set a
record with a launch of 20 satellites in a single payload, one being a
satellite from Google. On 15 February, 2017 ISRO launched 104 satellites in a
single rocket (PSLV-C37) and created a world record.
Under the guidelines of the top leadership of the Congress party
and vision of the Congress governments India’s economic progress has made its
space programme more visible and active as the country aims for greater
self-reliance in space technology. ”ISRO has successfully put into operation
two major satellite systems: Indian National Satellites (INSAT) for communication
services and Indian Remote Sensing (IRS) satellites for management of natural
resources. Undoubtedly if India has setup a mark in Space Research and
technology its credit goes to none other than the Congress party.
First Prime Minister of India and visionary statesman Pt. Jawahar
Lal Nehru took the initiatives for the startup of India’s nuclear programs with
peaceful and developmental goals. Pt. Nehru founded the Department of Atomic
Energy with Homi J. Bhabha as its secretary in 1950. The Government of India created
the Atomic Energy Establishment, Trombay (AEET) on 3 January, 1954. It was
established to consolidate all the research and development activity for
nuclear reactors and technology under the Atomic Energy Commission. Scientists
and engineers were engaged in the fields of reactor design and development, instrumentation,
metallurgy and material science etc. by the then Congress government After Homi
J. Bhabha’s death in 1966, the centre was renamed as the Bhabha Atomic Research
Centre on 22 January 1967.
BARC is a multi-disciplinary research centre with extensive infrastructure
for advanced research and development covering the entire spectrum of nuclear
science, engineering and related areas.
Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru and top leaders of the Congress party established
BARC’s core mandate to sustain peaceful applications of nuclear energy,
primarily for power generation. It manages all facets of nuclear power
generation, from theoretical design of reactors, computerized modeling and
simulation, risk analysis, development and testing of new reactor fuel
materials, etc. It also conducts research in spent fuel processing, and safe
disposal of nuclear waste. Its other research focus areas are applications for
isotopes in industries, medicine, agriculture, etc. BARC operates a number of
research reactors across the country. All the directors of the BARC were highly
qualified doctorates in their discipline and were internationally recognized
for their contribution in academia, who were the crown of this prestigious research
This was because of the magnificent personality of the
India’s first Prime Minister Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru that the U.S. and western
countries helped India in setting up its Nuclear Reactors. The first reactors
at BARC and its affiliated power generation centers were imported from the
west. India’s first power reactors, installed at the Tarapur Atomic Power
Station were from the United States.
The primary importance of BARC is as a research centre. The BARC
and the Indian government has consistently maintained that the reactors are
used for this purpose only: Apsara (1956; named by the then Prime Minister of
India, Jawaharlal Nehru when he likened the blue Cerenkov radiation to the beauty
of the Apsaras), CIRUS 1960 the “Canada-India Reactor” with assistance from the
Under the guideline then Prime Minister Smt. Indira Gandhi BARC
conducted the Smiling Buddha Nuclear Test. The plutonium used in India’s 1974
Smiling Buddha nuclear test came from CIRUS. The 1974 test (and the 1998 tests
that followed) gave Indian scientists the technological know-how and confidence
not only to develop nuclear fuel for future reactors to be used in power
generation and research, but also the capacity to refine the same fuel into
weapons-grade fuel to be used in the development of nuclear weapons.
BARC also designed and built India’s first Pressurized water
reactor at Kalpakkam, a 80MW land based prototype of INS Arihant’s nuclear
power unit, as well as the Arihant’s propulsion reactor.
The BARC also conducts research in biotechnology at the Gamma
Gardens, and has developed numerous disease resistant and high-yielding crop
varieties, particularly groundnuts. It also conducts research in Liquid Metal
Magneto hydrodynamics for power generation.
During the Congress lead UPA-I on 4 June 2005, with the goal
of encouraging research in basic sciences, BARC started the Homi Bhabha
National Institute. Research institutions affiliated to BARC (Bhabha Atomic
Research Centre) include IGCAR (Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research),
RRCAT (Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology), and VECC (Variable Energy Cyclotron
Power projects that have benefited from BARC expertise but which
fall under the NPCIL (Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited) are KAPP
(Kakrapar Atomic Power Project), RAPP (Rajasthan Atomic Power Project), and
TAPP (Tarapur Atomic Power Project).
The Bhabha Atomic Research Centre in addition to its nuclear
research mandate also conducts research in other high technology areas like
accelerators, micro electron beams, materials design, supercomputers, computer
vision among the few. The BARC has dedicated departments for these specialised fields.
BARC has designed and developed, for its own use an infrastructure of
supercomputers, Anupam using state of the art technology. In a nutshell there
would be no hesitation in saying that in Atomic Energy and specialized research
in the affiliated areas by BARC are based on the policies made by the Congress government.
Who truly deserves the credit for that.
When firth Prime Minister of India Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru took
his office he was aware of making a strong Army for defending the country.
Under his guidelines the then Congress government they founded DRDO.
The Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) is
an agency of the Republic of India, charged with the military’s research and
development, headquartered in New Delhi, India. It was formed in 1958 by the
merger of the Technical Development Establishment and the Directorate of
Technical Development and Production with the Defence Science Organization. The
then Prime Minister Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru put it under the administrative
control of the Ministry of Defence, Government of India.
Later on the Congress government formed a network of 52
laboratories, which are engaged in developing defence technologies covering
various fields, like aeronautics, armaments, electronics, land combat
engineering, life sciences, materials, missiles, and naval systems, DRDO is
India’s largest and most diverse research organization. The organization
includes around 5,000 scientists belonging to the Defence Research & Development
Service (DRDS) and about 25,000 other scientific, technical and supporting
A separate Department of Defence Research and Development was
formed in 1980 which later on administered DRDO and its 50
laboratories/establishments. The Army and the Air Force themselves did not have
any design or construction responsibility, DRDO fulfill their needs. DRDO
started its first major project in surface-to-air missiles (SAM) known as
Project Indigo in 1960s. Project Indigo led to Project Devil, along with Project
Valiant, to develop short-range SAM and ICBM in the 1970s. Project Devil itself
led to the later development of the Prithvi missile under the Integrated Guided
Missile Development Programme (IGMDP) in the 1980s. IGMDP was an Indian Ministry
of Defence programme for the development of a comprehensive range of missiles,
including the Agni missile, Prithvi ballistic missile, Akash missile, Trishul
missile and Nag Missile.
In 2010, then defence minister A K Antony ordered the restructuring
of the Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) to give ‘a major
boost to defence research in the country and to ensure effective participation
of the private sector in defence technology’. The key measures to make DRDO
effective in its functioning include the establishment of a Defence Technology
Commission with the defence minister as its chairman. The programmes which were
largely managed by DRDO have seen considerable success with many of the systems
seeing rapid deployment as well as yielding significant technological benefits.
DRDO has achieved many successes in developing other major systems and critical
technologies such as aircraft avionics, UAVs, small arms, artillery systems, EW
Systems, tanks and armored vehicles, sonar systems, command and control systems
and missile systems. Undoubtedly the achievement of DRDO has helped Indian Army
to be world class and only the Congress party could be credited for this achievement.
India’s first Prime Minister Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru and
senior leaders of Congress party wanted a research centers for quality research
in social science and for this the then Congress government established ICSSR
Indian Council of Social Science Research (ICSSR) is a council
in India which promotes research in the field of social sciences. It was
established in 1969 as an autonomous body under Government of India with their
office in New Delhi. Under the instruction of the government in the same year
it started a division called National Social Science Documentation Centre
(NASSDOC), whose primary aim is to provide library and information support
services. This is because of the interest of the Congress government for
quality research. That this organization supports a network of 29 research
As per the hypothesis of the veteran leaders of the Congress
party ICSSR provides opportunities to social scientists to engage themselves in
full-time research on important themes of their choice or to write books about
The Council has already published, in addition to a number
of journals, over 350 books, pamphlets and monographs. Over the years, Research
Surveys has become one of the Council’s major activities. In the process, those
areas that deserve more attention, the so-called neglected segments, are
identified and efforts are made to fill the gaps by sponsoring specific types
of research. The disciplines that have been covered under the Research Survey Programme
are Economics, Political Science, Psychology, Geography, Education, Sociology
and Social Anthropology. All the surveys have been published by the Council
either on its own or through commercial publishers.
Since its Inception the Congress party and its veteran
leaders had a major concern about improbity the public health services and
Medical Research. Under the leadership of India’s first Prime Minister Pt.
Jawahar Lal Nehru Indian council of Medical Research was founded in 1949 with
considerably expanded scope and functions. With the efforts of the Congress governments
today ICMR the apex body in India for the formulation, coordination and
promotion of biomedical research, is one of the largest medical research bodies
in the world. The ICMR is funded by the Government of India through the
Department of Health Research, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
ICMR’s 26 National Institutes established by the Congress government
address themselves to research on specific health topics like tuberculosis,
leprosy, cholera and diarrheal diseases, viral diseases including AIDS,
malaria, kala-azar, vector control, nutrition, food & drug toxicology,
reproduction, immunohaematology, oncology, medical statistics, etc. Its 6
Regional Medical Research Centers address themselves to regional health problems,
and also aim to strengthen or generate research capabilities in different
geographic areas of the country.
The Council’s research priorities coincide with National
health priorities such as control and management of communicable diseases,
fertility control, maternal and child health, control of nutritional disorders,
developing alternative strategies for health care delivery, containment within
safety limits of environmental and occupational health problems; research on major
non-communicable diseases like cancer, cardiovascular diseases, blindness,
diabetes and other metabolic and hematological disorders; mental health
research and drug research (including traditional remedies). These efforts are undertaken
with a view to reduce the total burden of disease and to promote health and
well-being of the population.
In 1972 the then Congress government established Indian Council
of Historical Research. It is an autonomous body of the Minister of Human
Resource Development. Based in Delhiwith regional centers in Bengluru and
Guwahati, the ICHR has served the scholarly community. ICHR has brought
historians together and provided them a forum for exchange of views between
them. It has given a national direction to an objective and scientific writing
of history and rational presentation and interpretation of history.
With the efforts of the Congress government India has
entered into cultural exchange programmes with many countries of the world for
an exchange of historians and exchange of views between them. Over the years
ICHR has provided financial assistance to the historians and direction to the
research scholars in their multifarious topics of historical research through established
historians and scholars of the country.
These research institutes are quite a few examples of
excellence of the vision of the leadership of the Congress party and their dedication
towards founding world class Research Institutes. This is also very surprising
that a non Congress government in the country has hardly established any
research institutes in India. People of India are proved of these world class
research institutes and the credit for this goes to none other than the Congress