After creating great hype Modi bites the Bullet

Prithviraj chavan Wed, 15 Jun 2016

After creating great hype Modi bites the Bullet

It is a momentous day since many international events have happened but I have specifically come to talk about the NSG Plenary in Seoul and the events leading up to today's outcome at Seoul.

We are highly disappointed with the outcome of the NSG Plenary at Seoul. The Government had raised huge expectations – the last minute flurry of activity by the Prime Minister himself,the Foreign Minister, the Foreign Secretary and various delegations crisscrossed various countries. We were looking forward to a positive outcome because that would have been the culmination of the work started by the UPA when it came to power in May 2004, beginning with July 2005 joint statement of President W.D. Bush and Dr. Manmohan Singh which opened up the possibility of Nuclear cooperation with global powers and United States in particular. 

Lots of diplomatic activity followed and it ultimately led to the historic 2008 decision of the NSG in its Plenary in August – September when an unconditional one time waiver was granted to India to start nuclear commerce with United States and the rest of the world. It actively made redundant the nuclear apartheid and allowed India to import muchneeded Nuclear fuel to continue our Nuclear Energy Programme. Further diplomatic activity followed that led to the November 2008 joint statement by President Barack Obama and Dr. Singh for the US President, unequivocally, agreeing to support India to join four technology denial regimes - the MCTR, NSG, the Wassenaar group and the Australia group diplomatic activity continued, which led to the passing of Nuclear Liability Law and India continued to engage the world capitals to continue the import of much needed uranium.

the Government wanted to continue with the good work done by the UPA in its tenure. Personalized diplomacy by the Prime Minister - all leading to the NSG Plenary in Seoul where expectations were raised on the background of visit to specific countries to gain support; and finally Prime Minister dashed off to Tashkent for the Summit where he met the Chinese President and made a personal plea to the Chinese President to consider India's request for NSG Membership on fair and objective criteria but what we have today is that the request has been rejected – China has continued its opposition to India's entry into the NSG and what is highly disappointing is that out of 48 countries, around 10-16 countries, on various accounts, have either  opposed India's attempts in gaining the NSG membership or have not acquiesced at least. Leading to all this, the statement by the Indian Foreign Minister, Smt. Sushma Swaraj, that India have no objection to Pakistan’s entry into NSG ‘based on merit’, is absolutely shocking.

Congress Party vehemently opposes equating India with Pakistan by Indian Foreign Minister. Pakistan's record of Non-Proliferation has been deplorable, particularly after what Dr. A.Q. Khan did to proliferate the nuclear technology to rogue states, which is all well-known and against this background for India saying that we have no objection to Pakistan becoming the NSG Member is highly objectionable.

China is very clear that India's application did not even come up for discussion. What was discussed was the criteria for entry of Non NPT countries since there were only two applications by India and Pakistan. Effectively China equated India with Pakistan. There was not even discussion on India's application in the NSG Plenary, leave alone the inclusion of India into the NSG and the meeting ended without any definite time table when India's
application will be taken up next.

I think it is a huge diplomatic jolt for the country after raising expectations to such a great height. The Prime Minister must explain as to what went wrong and what is his stand on Pakistan particularly after its standard behavior on Non Proliferation; about Dr. A.Q. Khan's work, giving nuclear technology in an unauthorized manner and in view of that how can India welcome Pakistan's membership of NPT, whatever merit. We all know that there are some friendly countries which are supporting Pakistan's case. I think the statement by Mr. Wan Qing – Chinese representative at NSG is very clear, that Pakistan is a close friend while India is a neighbor. Also, the number of countries which opposes India or who are not supporting India varies between 10 and 16. The statement by the Indian Foreign Office said that 32 countries are supporting India's application which will also mean that out of 48 Member countries, 16 are not supporting. Chinese are interlocutor. About dozen countries are not supporting India. The NSG is divided now. I want to juxtapose as to what
happened in Seoul. Going back to 2008 in exactly similar situation, same NSG Plenary had agreed to grant India an unconditional waiver. Nobody raised the issue of our NPT status; nobody put a pre-condition about procedures and criteria at that time. There was heavy lifting, very strong support by United States and the success of Indian diplomacy. I would like you to kindly consider the 2008 decision at NSG Plenary with today's decision with same 48 Members, who actively supported India's application.

There are many other issues. This is basically what we would like to discuss with United States supporting India, very clearly articulated that US responded to contain China, prevent resurgence of Russia and keep Muslim world in a state controlling chaos. These are the quotations by Pakistan’s NSA. What has been India's response? On the whole, we are extremely disappointed at the outcome of the entire efforts to get into the NSG as its Member particularly the outcome of today's Plenary. I would like the Government to clarify stand about Pakistan being allowed to become NSG Member and that India dropping its objections to Pakistan's deplorable report of the Nuclear Proliferation.