Indian National Congress - INC Timeline
  • 38 Dec 26, 1925

    Kanpur Session, 1925

    Sarojini Naidu became the second woman to preside over the Congress after Annie Besant. She said during her presidential address: '€œHow shall I stir your hearts, how shall I light that flame that cannot die, so that your slavery, so that your disunion, so that all the things that make you hungry and naked and forlorn, oppressed and battered '€“will be burnt in that undying fire?'€

  • 36 Sep 17, 1924

    Fast for Hindu-Muslim unity

    After hearing news of communal violence in Kohat and also in Amethi, Sambhal and Gulbarga, Gandhiji went on a fast for Hindu-Muslim unity on September 17, 1924, His broke his fast only after 21 days.

  • 34 Dec 28, 1923

    Kakinada Session, 1924

    The Kakinada Session was presided over by Maulana Mohammad Ali, who was released in 1919 after spending five years in prison. '€œOur Swaraj must be Sarvaraj: the Raj of all...Swaraj must be won by the minimum sacrifice of the maximum number and not by the maximum sacrifice of the minimum number,'€ the Maulana said during his presidential address.

  • 32 Dec 27, 1921

    Ahmedabad Session, 1921

    Hakim Ajmal Khan was unanimously elected to preside over the Session in the absence of C.R. Das, who was in jail. Gandhiji was appointed as the sole executive authority of the Congress and invested with full powers of the AICC. Chairs and benches for delegates were eliminated and Khadi tents made their appearance for first time.

  • Aug 01, 1920

    Non-cooperation

    On August 1, 1920, a non-cooperation movement was led by Gandhiji against the British for not addressing the widespread anger caused by the Jallianwala Bagh massacre as well as the Khilafat issue. Gandhiji exhorted the people to give up colonial titles and government posts and boycott foreign articles.

  • 29 Dec 26, 1919

    Amritsar Session

    By holding its 34th Session at Amritsar in 1919, the Congress expressed its deep solidarity with the people killed in the Jallianwala Bagh massacre in the city earlier that year. Under the presidentship of Motilal Nehru, the Congress condemned the massacre in the strongest of terms.

  • 27 Apr 13, 1919

    Jallianwala Bagh Massacre

    The Jallianwala Bagh massacre was a key moment in Indian History as British Forces, led by Brigadier-General REH Dyer opened fire on a crowd of close to 20,000 people in Amritsar, killing over a thousand.

  • 25 Aug 29, 1918

    Special Session, Bombay

    The Congress, at the Special Session in Bombay, termed the Montague-Chelmsford reforms as disappointing. It demanded a Declaration of Rights for the people of India and asserted that Indian legislatures should have the same measure of Fiscal Autonomy as the Self-governing Dominions of the Empire.

  • 23 Dec 26, 1917

    First woman President

    The Congress got its first woman President at the Calcutta Session in 1917: Annie Besant. "To see India free, to see her hold up her head among the Nations, to see her sons and daughters respected everywhere, to see her worthy of her mighty Past, engaged in building a yet mightier future - is not this worth working for, worth living for and worth dying for?'€ she asked during her presidential address.

  • 37 Dec 26, 1924

    Gandhi-Nehru-Das pact

    To end the infighting within the Congress, a pact was signed between Gandhiji on one hand and Motilal Nehru and C.R. Das on the other whereby the Congress accepted that the Swarajists were in the Councils on the Congress'€™s behalf. In return, the Swarajists agreed that only those who spun Khadi could be members of the Congress.

  • 35 Jan 01, 1924

    Congress Seva Dal

    On January 1, 1924 the Seva Dal was established as the Hindustan Seva Mandal with Jawaharlal Nehru as its first president. According to the resolution at Kakinada, the Dal was to work under the supervision of the Congress party's working committee. Umabai Kundapur was the founding president of the women's wing of the Dal.

  • 33 Dec 26, 1922

    Council entry

    At the Gaya Session, Congress leaders debated on the merits and demerits of continuing its boycott of the government-created councils. While the '€œno-changers'€ led by C Rajagopalachari and loyal to Gandhiji advocated continuing the boycott, the Swarajists led by C.R. Das suggesting participating in the councils.

  • 31 Dec 26, 1920

    On war-footing

    At its Nagpur Session, the Congress sought to intensify the Non-Cooperation Movement. It urged merchants to boycott any foreign trade relations and urgedgovernment servants to help the national cause. The importance of using non-violent means was reiterated. The party also made certain important organisational changes. The strength of the A I. C. C. increased to 350 and a Working Committee of 15 members was constituted.

  • Aug 01, 1920

    Non-cooperation

    On August 1, 1920, a non-cooperation movement was led by Gandhiji against the British for not addressing the widespread anger caused by the Jallianwala Bagh massacre as well as the Khilafat issue. Gandhiji exhorted the people to give up colonial titles and government posts and boycott foreign articles.

  • 28 Nov 23, 1919

    Gandhiji attends the Khilafat Conference in Delhi

    Gandhiji and the Congresss joined the Khilafat movement launched by prominent Muslim leaders to protest against British designs against the Caliphate in Turkey. In the process, Gandhiji not only united the country across the religious divide, he also transformed the Congress into a mass movement.

  • 26 Apr 06, 1919

    Protests Against the Rowlatt Bills

    On April 6, 1919, Gandhiji launched his first all-India Satyagraha against the Rowlatt Bills, which indefinitely extended '€˜emergency measures'€™ to control public unrest

  • 24 Mar 22, 1918

    The Kheda Satyagraha

    On March 22, 1918, Sardar Patel, under the leadership of Gandhi, launched a Satyagraha against taxes on flood-hit farmers in Kaira. It continued up to June 6, when the government agreed to the demands of the protestors.

  • 22 Dec 26, 1916

    Congress-League unity

    The 1916 Lucknow Session represented the unification of the moderates and extremists within the Congress but also the closing of ranks between the Congress and the All India Muslim League. The League also held its session in the same city, Lucknow, that year.