Indian National Congress

2010-14

1. National Green Tribunal Act, 2010 - National Green Tribunal was established
2. The Whistle Blowers Protection Act, 2011 - To eliminate corruption in bureaucracy and protect those who make complaints against public servants
3. Public Procurement Policy for Micro and Small Enterprises (MSEs) Order, 2012 - To promote MSEs by supporting them in marketing
4. National Food Security Act, 2013 - To provide food and nutritional security to all
5. Nirbhaya Act, 2013 - A stricter law to deal with sex crimes against women
6. The Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013 - To provide protection against sexual harassment of women at workplace
7. Lokpal and Lokayukta Act, 2013 - To provide for the establishment of Lokpal and Lokayukta to inquire into allegations of corruption against certain public functionaries
8. National Mission for Empowerment of Women (NMEW), 2013 -To facilitate coordination of women’s welfare and socio-economic development programmes across ministries
9. Land Acquisition Act, 2013 - To regulate land acquisition and lay down procedure for granting compensation, rehabilitation and resettlement to the affected persons
10. Companies Act, 2013 - Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) was made mandatory
11. Street Vendors Act, 2014 -  To regulate street vendors in public areas and protect their rights

2000s

1. National Food for Work Programme, 2004 - To generate supplementary wage employment and provide food security
2. Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya, 2004 - To set up residential upper primary schools for girls belonging predominantly to SC, ST, OBC and minority communities
3. National Rural Health Mission, 2005 - To provide equitable, affordable and quality healthcare to rural population
4. Janani Suraksha Yojana, 2005 - To reduce neonatal and maternal deaths by promoting institutional delivery amongst poor women
5. Bharat Nirman, 2005 - A plan for rural infrastructure in the areas of irrigation, housing, water supply, electrification and telecommunication connectivity
6. Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana, 2005 - To electrify rural households and provide connections free of charge to BPL households
7. Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission, 2005 - To improve quality of life and infrastructure in cities
8. Right to Information Act, 2005 - To promote transparency and accountability in the working of every public authority
9. The Protection Of Women From Domestic Violence Act, 2005 - To provide protection for women from domestic violence
10. Special Economic Zones (SEZ) Act , 2005 - To provide for the establishment, development and management of SEZs for the promotion of exports
11. Rajiv Gandhi National Fellowship (RGNF), 2005-06 - To give those candidates from the deprived sections an opportunity to undertake advanced studies and research
12. National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme, 2006 - To provide 100 days of guaranteed wage employment in a year to adult members of every household
13. National Environment Policy, 2006 - A statement of India's commitment to a clean environment
14. Prohibition of Child Marriage Act, 2006-07 - To overcome constraints of the former acts in dealing with the problem of child marriage
15. Rastriya Swasthya Bima Yojana, 2007 - To provide financial protection against catastrophic health costs for vulnerable sections
16. Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana, 2007 - To reorient agricultural development strategies to meet the needs of farmers
17. National Investigation Agency (NIA) established, 2008 - To combat terrorism
18. Indo-US Nuclear Deal, 2008 - India and the US agreed to cooperate in the area of civilian nuclear energy
19. Dhan Laxmi Scheme, 2008 - To check decline in sex ratio by providing every girl child an insurance cover of Rs 1,00,000 at her birth
20. Right to Education Act, 2009 - To make education a fundamental right of every child between the age of 6 and 14
21. Aadhaar, the unique ID program, 2009 - To give a unique identification number that would obtain demographic and biometric details of every citizen
22. Integrated Child Protection Scheme, 2009 - To give a safe environment to all children to develop and flourish
23. The Central Universities Act, 2009 - To set up one Central University each in states which did not have any till then
24. Maulana Azad National Fellowship for Minority Students Scheme, 2009 - To provide integrated five year fellowships to students from minority communities to pursue higher studies


90s

1. Economic Liberalization, 1991 - Indian economy opened up
2. Look East Policy, 1991: To develop economic and strategic relations with the Eastern countries
3. New Industrial Policy, 1991 - To raise industrial efficiency to international level
4. Introduction of Panchayati Raj, 1992 - A major push towards decentralisation of power
5. Securities and Exchange Board of India Act, 1992 - To protect the interests of investors in securities
6. Member of Parliament Local Area Development (MPLAD) scheme, 1993 - To develop the constituencies in various sectors like health, education, drinking water etc.
7. Mahila Samridhi Yojana, 1993 - To provide economic security and financial inclusion of rural women
8. Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques Act, 1994 -  To stop female foeticides and arrest declining sex ratio
9. Mid-Day Meal Scheme, 1995 - To improve nutritional levels among children and to enhance their enrolment and attendance in schools
10. National Social Assistance Programme, 1995 - To ensure minimum standards for social assistance of people

80s

1. Integrated Rural Development Programme, 1980 - To enable identified rural poor families to cross the poverty line
2. Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981 - To provide for the prevention, control and abatement of air pollution
3.  Anti-Hijacking Act, 1982 - To give effect to the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Seizure of Aircraft
4. Rural Landless Employment Guarantee Programme, 1983 - To provide guaranteed employment to at least one member of every landless household upto 100 days in a year
5. The Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP), 1983 - Conceived by Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam to help India attain self sufficiency in missile technology
6. The Family Courts Act, 1984 - to secure speedy settlement of disputes relating to marriage and family affairs
7. Creation of Centre for Development of Telematics (C-DOT), 1984: Triggered a telecom revolution in the rural India
8. Comprehensive Crop Insurance Scheme, 1985 - To provide security to farmers during crop loss due to natural disasters
9. Anti-Defection Law, 1985 - Provisions for disqualification of elected members on the grounds of defection to another party
10. National Drinking Water Mission, 1986 - To make cost effective programmes in the field of rural drinking water supply
11. Mizoram Accord of June, 1986 - To end the disturbed condition in Mizoram and to restore peace and harmony
12. Consumer Protection Act, 1986 - To provide better protection of consumers' interests
13. National Child Labour Policy, 1987 - An action plan for tackling the problem of Child Labour
14. Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988 -  to combat corruption in govt agencies and public sector businesses
15. The Scheduled Castes and Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989 - To prevent atrocities against members of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes

70s


1. Operation Flood, 1970 (White Revolution) -  To generate a flood of milk in the rural areas and ensure flow into cities
2. Abolition of Privy Purse, 1971 - Another step towards an egalitarian and just society
3. Creation of Bangladesh, 1971 - Indian govt decided to support the creation of a separate state for ethnic Bengalis
4. Accelerated Rural water Supply Programme, 1972-73 - To increase coverage of drinking water supply across the country
5. Central Council of Homeopathy was set up, 1973
6. First Nuclear Test at Pokhran, 1974
7. Twenty Point Programme, 1975 - To eradicate poverty and improve the quality of life of the underprivileged
8. National Informatics Centre, 1976 - Set up as a promoter of digital opportunities for sustainable development
9. Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Cess Act, 1977 - An economic instrument for water conservation and pollution control
10. Press Council Act, 1978 - To preserve freedom of Press and maintain standards of news agencies
11. Interstate Migrant Workmen Act, 1979 - To regulate the condition of service of inter-state labourers

60s

1. Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960 -  To prevent infliction of unnecessary pain on animals
2. Establishment of IITs, IIMs and AIIMS, 1961
3. Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961 - Consolidated anti-dowry laws passed in different states
4. The Atomic Energy Act, 1962 - To provide for  development, control and use of atomic energy for the welfare of people
5. Official Languages Act, 1963 - To provide for the languages which may be used for official purposes
6. The Food Corporations Act, 1964 - To provide for the establishment of Food Corporations for the purpose of trading in food-grains and other foodstuffs
7. Payment of Bonus Act, 1965 - To provide for the payment of bonus to persons employed in certain establishments
8. Creation of separate states, 1966 - Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh were created
9. Green Revolution in India, 1967 - India became one of the leading agricultural nations from a food-deficient country
10. National Education Policy, 1968 - For a radical reconstruction of the education system and to give greater attention to science & technology
11. Registration of Births and Deaths Act, 1969 - Made reporting and registration of births and deaths compulsory

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